New headquarters Fundación Laboral de la Construcción de la Comunidad Valenciana
The new Fundación Laboral de la Construcción de la Comunidad Valenciana (FLCCV) headquarters is located in an agricultural and semi-industrial landscape. The large plot is surrounded by fields of olive and fruit trees and is bordered on the north side by the Carraixet ravine.
The building has a simple and clear image, a group of different linked volumes that transmit, united, the institutional representativeness that a building of these kind has: a volumetric and constructive clarity capable of reaffirming the educational work and values that the Foundation carries out in it.
Its design is based on a formal and functional arrangement pattern of independent pieces or volumes grouped by a pergola plan that communicates and unites all the buildings under its modulated structure and constructive order.
Due to the complexity of uses and relationships among the different areas, the building is organized on a single floor, without architectural barriers, around two outdoor courtyards with different characters. These patios become key parts of the internal functioning of the centre, either for outdoor practices (work patio) or as spaces for relationships and rest (leisure patio).
The arrangement of the pieces and the separation of different uses allow optimal simultaneous activities, high acoustic insulation, natural light illumination, flexibility and versatility of uses and independent or simultaneous sectorization and programming in the building, guaranteeing an effective separation between them.
From the exterior, the different volumetric characteristics give the centre its representativeness. Mainly the workshops, with a greater height, and occasionally the conference hall and offices with their volumes of skylights. The rest of the program with classrooms, offices, and changing rooms is located under the pergola plane.
The building's architecture provides the best space and functional, environment, and natural lighting conditions for an optimal theoretical and practical classes. The use of natural light needed in the different classrooms and workshops is solved according to their teaching needs: the workshops are illuminated through skylights oriented mainly to the north-northeast and the rest of the rooms through openings in the façade. All the exterior openings have an exterior sunlight control, fix in skylights and mobile in the rest of the programme to prevent overheating the interior or adapt the amount of natural light needs on demand.
In the design of the building, the dialectic use of the structure is especially important, its order and always visible, solved with the same constructive spirit as the rest of the materials and solutions used. A building whose finishes are a reflection of its construction process, using the construction details as a fundamentally visual resource.