Our vision of Africa has recently undergone a slow but steady development, from neglected continent to the new frontier of an evolving world. The challenge of this new project of Emergency NGO is to combine the practical requirements of a paediatric surgery hospital in Africa with the desire to create a model piece of architecture: rational, tangible, modern, beautiful, but firmly linked to tradition. It is more than a mere hospital: the first architectural work in Africa designed by RPBW is a sign of extreme symbolic importance for the promotion of health care and culture in Uganda, and in the entire Africa.
The building will follow the curves that slope down to the lake. By following the course of the land, the hospital walls and the boundaries of its outdoor pathways will form terraces on which the hospital itself will stand, in a spatial continuum between interior and exterior, above and below. The stacked walls will break the distinction between the various zones, creating a unity between the lake, the park and the internal hospital environment.
Earth is the raw material used to build the homes of the poorest people in most parts of the world. It’s a simple, cheap building technique but one which, in Africa, is associated by most people with a past of poverty that needs to be forgotten. We were fascinated by the idea of giving back some dignity to this technique, using the excavated land to build the load-bearing walls with the rammed earth technique. The rammed earth technique is an ancient building method involving a mixture of earth, sand, gravel, binding agents and a little water, compressed in wooden or metal frames or moulds. The great advantage is that substantially all the material is available locally, and there’s no need for highly specialised workers. An eye on sustainability, right from the construction phase.
This building, born from the earth, will get its energy from the sun. Indeed, the roof is made from a suspended canopy structure supporting 3,700 square metres of photovoltaic panels. This system will ensure that the hospital has an autonomous electricity supply during the day. The photovoltaic roof, “floating” above the building, will also guarantee shade for the hospital and all the uncovered walkways.
DESIGN: Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Studio TAMassociati
DESIGN TEAM: RPBW - G.Grandi (partner in charge), P.Carrera, A.Peschiera, D.Piano, Z.Sawaya and D. Ardant; F.Cappellini, I.Corsaro, D.Lange, F.Terranova (models) - TAMassociati -R.Pantaleo, M.Lepore, S.Sfriso, V.Milan, L.Candelpergher, M.Gerardi - EMERGENCY Field Operations Department, Building Division - Roberto Crestan, Carlo Maisano
CONSULTANTS: Milan Ingegneria (structure); Prisma Engineering (MEP); Studio Giorgetta (landscaping); GAE Engineering (fire consultant)
PARTNERS AND SPONSORS: Sponsors: Paola Coin, Fondazione Prosolidar, Stavros Niarchos Foundation Partners: Climaveneta, Duferdofin Nucor, Enel Greenpower – Agatos Energia – Elettronica Santerno – TerniEnergia, Fogliani, GAE Engineering, Gruppo Amenduni, KSB, Luigi&Felice Castelli – Castelli Food – Ingretech, J&A Consultants, Maeg Costruzioni, Mapei, Performance in Lighting, Riello UPS – FIAMM, Thema – AGC Italia – Pellini – RessTende – Schuco – Theatro (cultural partner), Valsir Friends of Emergency: Alubel, Banor, BBraun, Belimo, Casalgrande Padana, Cofiloc, Doka Italia, Eaton, Fondazione Promozione Acciaio, Gima, Giugliano Costruzioni Metalliche, IDF Studio, Maspero Elevatori, MP Lavorazioni, Perin Generators Group, Polyglass, Salini Impregilo (technical consultancy), Vimar, Zanutta, Zintek