Public Library of Constitución
The public library is part of a public-private initiative taken to rebuild Constitución after the 8.8 degrees earthquake and Tsunami that devastated the town during the year 2010.
It is the result of three main decisions. Firstly: In order to overlook the millenary trees of the civic square that is in front of the site; to rise the library 1,6 meters over street level. Secondly: With the purpose to filter and balance the light; to cover the 3 main areas of the program (children, young and adult readers) with 3 reticulated wood naves. Thirdly: In consideration to communicate the public character of the edifice; to organize the façade with 3 monumental glass cases that not only invites to see new books arrivals but also -with its benches and canopies - offer shelter to the passerby.
Regarding the construction of the building; it is made almost entirely in wood and only the firewalls are done with exposed poured concrete. The structure is prefabricated and is made out laminated pine. In order to rhythm the interior space and make the loads and the construction process understandable, the wood beams an pillars are kept as visible as possible. Coating the wood with water white varnish enhances the required luminosity of the spaces and also creates homogeneity between the structure and the on site built furniture. The other colours that can be seen in fabrics were chosen to mimic the colours of the trees and leaves of the square. In this sense the library can be seen as a resonance box.