Architecture connected to a town
A residence for two generation with atelier at the residential area in Tokyo Japan. The site is located between neighbor's house.And the north side faces street,and south side faces parking.Three voids go through a building from north to south with taking lighting and connecting to a town.
Almost old Japanese houses are dark.Old wooden structure,wooden ceiling,and mud wall.The brightness of interior space is lower than exterior space "garden"T. he difference of brightness makes beautiful scenery.(※fig.1-1)
On the contrary, almost contemporary Japanese houses has white interior. As for the houses in small site,they can not have enough garden.There is a narrow dark space besides the window.The brightness is reversed between inside and outside.And almost people are interested in interior space. (※fig.1-2)
In short,dark architecture makes strong relation to outside.At the beginning of this project,I tried to make "dark architecture"to connecting to a town.
Continuity of inside to outside
In the relation of old Japanese houses and garden,one more significant point is "continuity of inside to outside"T. he terrace space facing to the garden is on outside of window,but ceiling of eaves has similar darkness to interior space.The boundary of brightness is different from window.That makes continuity of inside to outside.(※fig.2-1) HOUSE y doesn't have enough space to have terrace space.If the house has simple dark interior,the boundary of brightness is same as window.As a result,the space loses continuity of inside to outside.(※fig.2-2) So,I put some different brightness in the interior space to make continuous scenery,"dark interior"",bright interior"to "bright exterior".
Gradation of brightness
At first,I put all requirement room in a box, then,I take away walls as three voids.Each room has narrow floor and high ceiling (1F-2.83m, 2F-3.28m).The continuing tall space bring the light to inner space,and makes various gradation of brightness on the walls.
Brightness of material
I had deeply consideration with brightness of material to make continuity to outside.For example,old wooden structure of Japanese house (40 brightness) and concrete wall (60 brightness) are too dark to have natural continuity to outside.On the other hand,white wall (90 brightness) is brighter than exterior.In the result of test at the construction site,I choose the 75-80 brightness of material.