Project for the Civic Center neighborhood Isola-Garibaldi
International Design Competition for the Civic Center neighborhood Isola-Garibaldi, Milan (2014)
TYPOLOGICAL VERSUS TOPOLOGICAL-TECTONIC
Composition dual complex for combination-overlap-incastro
Quality architectural and urban.
Taking into account the indications in the tender documents and the urban composition near the area in question, it has proposed a development planimetric and elevation can open visual wide and deep between the parts of the building and between this and the landscape around ; The building, in fact, is measured by the place in which it is inserted through the formal organization and functional separation of the parts that are to be crossed, leaving open and continuous public space outside, and overlap of the parties is to join that to outline a skyline urban-landscaped recognizable at a distance.
In terms of relations with the lot of the building, complex parts, occupies the entire perimeter leaving an interstitial space empty and impassable then partly with volumes growing in height: the cue transparent resting on top, the tower-like volume turned transparent as ideally from horizontal to vertical.
Architectural quality of construction, materials and exterior.
The building designed is designed, in its essence ideational-compositional, taking co-present duality inherent in seeking a soft quality, through the use, on the one hand, the wood paneling, which mainly characterizes the building ideally also popular, warm but also organic and natural with large glazed transparent can power the depth and visual relationship between spaces and collective uses and flexible (toy library and room for district committees but also the center for the elderly pt, and, second and opposed , the use of coated metal plates, steel, cold but also abstract and artificial welcomes overall continuous but overlapping areas and specific uses with greater degree of fixity (conference room, atrium and food court pt, teen center and kitchen p .1., video and music rehearsal rooms and services for the citizen p.2, terrace lookout volume supported p. 3, reading rooms and multimedia p. 3.4 tower, management offices p.5 tower, lookout terrace p. 6 tower); the two sides and opposing prevailing functionally and formally tend to overcoming possible of the dialectical tension that such is present between the "couple dialogic" tradition-innovation where the project test possible design solutions of use and integration context.
The architectural solution to integrate, then, the new Civic Center with the public park is developed by adopting a green cover low volume (wood) and "edgy" in sloping lawn bushy, almost in continuity with the natural soil, and with the volume horizontal upper transparent and supported, dedicated use more specific and representative of the new Civic Center as spaces to the specific of the citizen, which is composed of a "scapigliatura" plant consists of a large roof terrace which houses plant essences arboreal enough size and representation able to create that climate and environmental solution for a possible integration between architecture and nature.
Quality of energy saving and passive building.
The project involves the construction of a building that can minimize energy consumption in addition to environmental, using bioclimatic techniques for solar control and exploitation of wind, increasing the efficiency of the housing controlling dispersion limiting thermal bridges and employing technologies for the solar gain active and to obtain a high efficiency for the heating.
The coverage area is home to an outdoor reading between scents and colors data from flower essences alloggiatevi.
- The use of bioclimatic techniques for solar control and natural air conditioning: solar shading made with slats adjustable to avoid overheating of the building during the summer, guarantee, however, the passage of sunlight during the winter heating the cone collector place at the center of the building, which works by solar chimney in the summer when the metal plates placed in the top heats create a depression attracting outside the overheated air of the environment due to the presence of a wind tower can take advantage of natural ventilation fed cooled by underground pipeline. Roof garden and vertical vegetation allow the maintenance of conditions of humidity and climate.
- Efficient Housing: special attention has been placed on the relationship of the building with light, important step towards the realization of a low-power. Another aspect considered, is that of a very good thermal insulation paying attention not only to the limitation of the thermal dispersions winter but also to the efficiency of the casing in the summer through the control of the phase difference, that is, the delay with which the heat wave passes through the wall . Using u-boot systems for the realization of lightened slabs (slab with beams bidirectional lightened), with high insulation.
- Solar gain active: it is planned to install a photovoltaic system to ensure the production of electric energy able to meet the necessary energy demands of the building in order to feed the lighting system, the technological accessories and installations. The amorphous silicon panels are expected to cover the tower, housed on stands, while Inverter and control panel are housed in the utility room on the ground below the back of the elevator shaft.
- Using high throughput technologies for heating: the heating is centralized type, with the heat generator condensing gas powered. The boiler is located in a specific technical area. The building envelope requires a very low energy requirement, therefore, it is opted for the use of a system as a contribution to the radiant floor heating, sufficient to ensure the environmental comfort to the users of the structure.
3d Antonio Pintor, Coll. Valeria Pagliara, Alessandra Russo.